Most have a conception that depression is extreme. However, depression is a mood disorder that is much more than just sadness or grief. It may look very different in two different individuals and may even go unnoticed in some.
Long-lasting and serious depression may become a major health concern and may affect almost every aspect of a person’s life. As per the World Health Organisation, nearly 264 million people are suffering from depression in the world. The condition may lead to suicide in the worst-case scenario.
Symptoms of depression
- Hopelessness , sad and worthless
- Social withdrawal
- Difficulty in concentrating
- Insomnia or sleeping a lot
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue or feeling low in energy
- Body pain
- Digestive issues
- Suicidal thoughts
Types of depression
- Persistent depression– Condition which last for more than 2 years. These symptoms may not be severe throughout but may fluctuate from low to high.
- Postpartum depression– occurs in women right after childbirth and is much more severe than baby blues that go away within a week or two of delivery.
- Psychotic depression– severe condition with hallucinations and delusions, generally of disease, poverty or being sick.
- Bipolar disorder– not really depression but has signs similar to those of depression, alternating with signs of mania.
If you feels signs of depression, you can try to prevent the relapse of signs through steps like maintaining a healthy diet, having a regular routine, working on self-confidence, destressing with a hobby and exercising daily. It is very important to seek help from friends and family so they can lend support when you need it. Your doctor would counsel you on all that you need to do to get better – it’s essential that you listen to them.
Depression treatment depends on the severity of the condition. It range from self-help groups to the administration of antidepressants, psychiatric treatment and lifestyle management.