In 2022, fifth-generation (5G) telecom services will be available in select locations across India. Cities expected to receive 5G telecom services in 2022 include Gurugram, Bangalore, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chandigarh, Delhi, Jamnagar, Ahmadabad, Chennai, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Pune, and Gandhinagar. In these cities, Bharti Airtel, Reliance Jio, and Vodafone Idea, among others, have set up 5G testing sites. According to the Department of Telecommunications, these metros and major cities will be the first in the country to get 5G connectivity next year.
The fifth generation of mobile broadband networks is the most recent update based on long-term evolution. The government, in addition to top telecom carriers and smartphone manufacturers, is actively involved in facilitating the implementation of 5G services. In order to develop and test 5G technologies, the Department of Telecommunications has enlisted the help of leading research institutions.
The ‘Indigenous 5G Testbed project’ is a collaboration between eight organisations, including the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad, the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras, the Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, the Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering & Research, and the Centre of Excellence in Wireless Technology.
The Indigenous 5G Test Bed project started in 2018 and is expected to be completed by December 31, 2021. The initiative is being funded by the Department of Telecommunications. The department has spent Rs 224 crore on this project. Earlier this month, Telecom Secretary K Rajaraman predicted that a 5G testbed would be available in early January. The term “testbed” refers to the process of creating a specific environment for testing products or services. Hardware, software, the operating system, and network configurations are all included. As testing comes to a close, spectrum allocation will be critical in determining the fate of the country’s commercial 5G rollout.
5G operates primarily in three frequency bands: low, mid, and high. The low band spectrum has a speed limit of 100 Mbps. The mid-band spectrum, on the other hand, provides faster speeds than the low band but has limitations in terms of coverage area and signal penetration. In the high-band spectrum, internet speeds can reach 20 Gbps. In 4G, the fastest internet speed measured is 1 Gbps.