An Endometriotic Cyst is a condition that is commonly found in women who are of reproductive age. It is a condition in which an ovarian cyst is filled with old blood and can affect the working of ovaries and even lead to infertility. Any menstruating female can develop endometriosis. It’s more likely to happen between ages 25 and 40. It is hypothesized that when the menstrual blood flows, some of it flows back down the fallopian tubes and gets embedded into the surroundings of the uterus or the uterine wall.
The endometrial cells are like small seeds and slowly grow bigger into cysts. Whichever part they get embedded on, whether it is the pelvic floor, fallopian tubes, intestines, vagina, or the uterus; the cysts will grow there. The most common organ however is the ovary. The discharge gets into the ovaries and releases blood.
But there is no place for the blood to flow. This causes the blood to accumulate gradually and the cyst gets filled with it. The endometrial tissue lines the uterus. In endometriosis, this tissue can grow outside the uterine wall. This tissue then attaches to other parts such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and also nearby organs such as the urinary bladder. This can lead to painful and heavy menses. In severe cases, the affected organs can also be damaged.