Heart diseases are becoming increasingly prevalent across all age groups, dispelling the misconception that they only affect the elderly. It is crucial to note that the symptoms of heart attacks can differ between men and women, with women facing a higher risk. Furthermore, these symptoms may not always be readily apparent. While chest pain is a commonly associated symptom of a heart attack, women may experience distinct indicators, potentially leading to underdiagnosis compared to men. Notably, women are more prone to having heart attacks without severe artery blockages, known as nonobstructive coronary artery disease.
Recognizing heart attack symptoms, particularly in women, is of paramount importance. Contrary to the dramatic chest pain often depicted in Hollywood, this discomfort may not always be intense or the most prominent sign in women. Women frequently describe heart attack pain as tightness or pressure in the chest. Additionally, it’s important to acknowledge that chest pain is not always an indicator of a heart attack.
SYMPTOMS OF A HEART ATTACK IN WOMEN
- Upper Body Discomfort: Women may experience discomfort or pain not just in the chest but also in other upper body areas such as the back, neck, jaw, or shoulder.
- Shortness of Breath: Prominent shortness of breath can be a key symptom for women, even in the absence of severe chest discomfort.
- Nausea or Vomiting: Nausea or vomiting can signify a heart attack in women, even in the absence of severe chest pain.
- Unusual Fatigue: Women might experience overwhelming and unusual fatigue that persists for extended periods, ranging from days to weeks or even months, before a heart attack.
- Cold Sweats: Cold sweats, often accompanied by feelings of lightheadedness or dizziness, can be indicative of a heart attack in women.
- Indigestion or Heartburn: Some women may mistake heart attack symptoms for indigestion or heartburn.
- Sleep Disturbances: Prior to a heart attack, women may encounter difficulty sleeping, unexplained anxiety, or a sense of impending doom.
- Pain in the Lower Chest or Upper Abdomen: Discomfort or pain in the lower chest or upper abdomen can be experienced by some women, potentially leading to confusion with digestive issues.