The rapid spread of dengue in India, particularly in cities like Kolkata, has become a cause for concern. This mosquito-borne viral infection poses a significant health risk, with vulnerable groups including children, pregnant women, and individuals over 65 years of age. People with underlying health conditions like diabetes, hypertension, and heart problems should also be extra vigilant, as dengue can have serious consequences when left untreated.
For individuals with diabetes, dengue presents specific challenges. The infection can lead to elevated blood sugar levels, putting diabetics at a higher risk of complications, including dengue shock syndrome and damage to vital organs such as the liver and kidneys.
To manage dengue effectively while dealing with diabetes, consider the following precautions and tips:
- High-Grade Fever: If you have diabetes and experience a high fever, it’s crucial to seek immediate medical attention, especially when your blood sugar levels are not well-controlled.
- Monitoring Blood Sugar: Regularly monitor and manage your glucose levels to reduce the risk of dengue-related complications.
- Increase Fluid Intake: Staying well-hydrated is essential. Drink plenty of fluids, and consider including coconut water in your diet to maintain electrolyte balance.
- Wear Full-Length Clothing: Despite the challenges of hot and humid weather, wearing full-sleeve clothing is vital to minimize the risk of mosquito bites, especially during the rainy season.
- Have a Balanced Meal: Incorporate whole fruits into your diet, particularly seasonal fruits rich in nutrients, vitamins (such as vitamin C and A), antioxidants, and fiber. These fruits can also support gut health and boost immunity. Examples include kiwi, plum, cherries, papaya, apples, pomegranates, broccoli, and beetroot.
- Take Ample Rest: Prioritize rest and allow your body to recover and rejuvenate, especially during or after a hectic day.
By following these precautions and tips, individuals with diabetes can reduce the risks associated with dengue and maintain better overall health during this challenging time.