Rising Electricity Demand Threatens Grid Stability as Dam Water Levels Dwindle

Electricity consumption is reaching unprecedented levels, particularly during the period from March 21 to April 21, when temperatures soar and demand peaks. Nighttime electricity requirements are expected to surge beyond 5,500 Megawatts (MW), placing immense strain on the grid. Current consumption has already reached 104.6 million units.

Compounding this issue is the alarming decline in water levels in dams used for electricity generation. With only 46 percent of water remaining, concerns are mounting. Regulations dictate that a minimum of 10 percent water level must be maintained until the next monsoon season. However, sedimentation of clay and sand has led to a reduction in the dams’ storage capacity, exacerbating the situation.

In an attempt to address the escalating demand, efforts to procure electricity from alternative sources are underway. However, challenges loom large in this regard. Furthermore, the maximum price for a unit of electricity on power exchanges has been capped at Rs 10, leaving little room for maneuver. Private electricity producers are exploring the secondary exchange market, where prices can reach as high as Rs 20 per unit.

As the demand for electricity continues to surge and dam water levels dwindle, ensuring grid stability remains a pressing concern. Immediate measures are needed to mitigate the risks posed by these intertwined challenges.

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