FACTS ABOUT DENGUE: Dengue is transmitted by the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.
Symptoms usually begin 4 to 7 days after the mosquito bite and typically last 3 to 10 days.
Signs and symptoms
Mild dengue fever
aching muscles and joints
body rash that can disappear and then reappear
pain behind the eyes
vomiting and feeling nauseous
Symptoms usually disappear after a week, and mild dengue rarely involves serious or fatal complications.
A person with Dengue hemorrhagic fever may experience: bleeding from the mouth, gums, or nose
damage to lymph and blood vessels
internal bleeding, which can lead to black vomit and feces, or stools
a lower number of platelets in the blood
small blood spots under the skin
Apart from that the person may experience
intense stomach pain, disorientation,sudden hypotension, or a fast drop in blood pressure, heavy bleeding,
regular vomiting,blood vessels leaking fluid.
Treatment: Dengue is a virus, so there is no specific treatment or cure. However, intervention can help, depending on how severe the disease is. For milder forms, treatment includes:
Preventing dehydration: A high fever and vomiting can dehydrate the body. The person should drink clean water, ideally bottled rather than tap water. Rehydration salts can also help replace fluids and minerals.
Painkillers, such as Tylenol or paracetamol: These can help lower fever and ease pain.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen, are not advised, as they can increase the risk of internal bleeding. intravenous (IV) fluid supplementation, or drip, if the person cannot take fluids by mouth
blood transfusion, for patients with severe dehydration
Hospitalization will allow the individual to be properly monitored, in case symptoms get worse.Rehydration salts, Tylenol, and paracetamol are available.
Prevention: No vaccine can protect against dengue fever. Only avoiding mosquito bites can prevent it. Anyone who lives in or travels to an at-risk area can use a number of ways to avoid being bitten.